To: President of the Republic of Korea, Moon Jae-in
We, the undersigned, call on President Moon Jae-in and the Government of the Republic of Korea to rescind all sentences and charges against trade unionists for engaging in peaceful protest. We call for the release of all trade unionists who are incarcerated because of these sentences and charges.
Since December 2015, Han Sang-gyun, former President of the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU), has been incarcerated. In November 2015, Lee Young-joo, former General Secretary of the KCTU confined herself in the KCTU office to avoid execution of an arrest warrant. In December 2017 she was arrested after leaving the office to protest Han’s incarceration. The charges against both unionists relate to organizing a public protest against regressive labor law reforms put forth by the government of former South Korean President Park Gyun-hye. For over two years, these trade unionists have been denied the right to sit down at the dinner table with their families. Several other South Korean trade union leaders remain incarcerated as well.
President Moon, you are well aware of what it is like for President Han, General Secretary Lee and the other trade unionists to suffer in jail and be denied access to their families and loved ones. You too were imprisoned once, by former President Park’s father, a military dictator, after you organized student protests. But you persevered and went on to become a formidable human rights lawyer, defending others in similar situations.
President Moon, you can be a global leader by committing your government to upholding human and labor rights. Show the world that your government acts in accordance with the values that you have espoused throughout your career. Release KCTU President Han, General Secretary Lee and the other unjustly charged and imprisoned trade unionists immediately.
(photo credit: KCTU)
Han Sang-gyun is elected president of the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU).
South Korean President Park Geun-hye proposes regressive labor legislation that would expand precarious low wage employment, make it easier to terminate workers’ jobs, lengthen legal working time, and cut overtime pay and unemployment benefits.
November 14, 2015
KCTU carries out a mass demonstration opposing the legislation. Over 100,000 people participate. The police respond by using a battery of water cannons and pepper spray devices against peaceful marchers. A 69-year old farmer dies after being hit by a police water cannon.
November 14, 2015
The Park government sends police to raid union offices, including the Korean Metal Workers’ Union (KMWU) and the KCTU. They seize documents, equipment, computers and data storage. More than five hundred trade unionists and other protesters are arrested. Han flees to a Buddhist temple in Seoul.
Police surround the temple. KCTU General Secretary Lee Young-joo avoids arrest by remaining in KCTU headquarters. She would remain there for over two years.
December 9, 2015
Han surrenders to police.
Han is sentenced to five years in prison.
November 10-16, 2016
UAW participates in an international delegation to visit Han in jail and march with Koreans protesting the corruption of the Park Government.
November 30, 2016
UAW, USW and AFL-CIO hold a protest action in front of the South Korean embassy in Washington D.C. calling for the immediate release of all incarcerated trade unionists.
December 9, 2016
South Korean President Park Geun-hye is impeached for bribery.
December 14, 2016
Seoul High Court upholds Han’s sentence, but reduces it to three years.
December 21, 2016
UAW President Dennis Williams condemns the ruling urging the South Korean Prime Minister ”to cease criminalization of trade union leaders and activists.”
March 9, 2017
The South Korean Constitutional Court Removes President Park from office.
May 9, 2017
Former Human Rights Lawyer Moon Jae-in is elected President of the Republic of Korea.
August 8, 2017
The UAW International Executive Board unanimously passes a resolution calling on the Government of the Republic of Korea to rescind all sentences and drop all charges against trade unionists that are related to peaceful protest, including those against President Han and General Secretary Lee. UAW President Dennis Williams presses newly elected Korean President Moon Jae-in to free Han and “restore labor rights and dignity to the working people of Korea.”
October 25, 2017
Standing before U.S. and international labor leaders at the AFL-CIO national convention Tuesday, UAW President Dennis Williams delivered remarks before AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka presented the storied George Meany-Lane Kirkland Human Rights Award to the jailed Korean labor leader Han Sang-gyun (pronounced HAHN SAHNG-GUHN).
December 18, 2017
On December 18, 2017 General Secretary Lee left the KCTU office for the first time in over two years. She went with other KCTU activists to the offices of President Moon’s ruling Minjoo (Democratic) Party. They staged a sit-in hunger strike, demanding Han’s release and the cancelation of the warrant against Lee. They demanded an end to an interpretation of the labor law that permitted employers to require nearly unlimited amounts of overtime work on weekends without paying an overtime premium. The sit in Hunger strike lasted ten days.
December 27, 2017
General Secretary Lee was arrested on December 27 and taken to a hospital, where the police questioned her. The prosecutors applied for a detention warrant, which the court issued on December 30. Pursuant to the detention warrant, she was moved to the Seoul Detention Center. It is expected that she will stand trial beginning in February or March. The charges against her area almost identical to those against Han.